China National Drug Administration Approves Gilead’s Genvoya® (Elvitegravir, Cobicistat, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide), a Single Tablet Regimen for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infection
- Genvoya is the First TAF-Based Regimen Approved in
Genvoya is indicated in
“With access to appropriate treatment, people living with HIV have the
potential to live nearly as long as the general population. Because of
this, they may face increased risk of age- and treatment-related
comorbidities, which means long-term health should be a priority when
caring for patients with HIV,” said Professor Li Taisheng,
In 2017, there were approximately 140,000 people newly diagnosed with
“Gilead supports China’s efforts to address the HIV epidemic and we are
pleased to offer Genvoya as a new treatment option for people living
with HIV in China,” said
Genvoya was studied in a Phase 3 HIV clinical program in more than 3,500 patients across 21 countries, including treatment-naïve, virologically suppressed, renally impaired and adolescent patients. The approval is supported by 144-week data from two Phase 3 double-blind studies (Studies 104 and 111) among 1,733 treatment-naïve patients in which the regimen met the primary endpoint of non-inferiority compared to Gilead’s Stribild® (elvitegravir 150 mg/cobicistat 150 mg/emtricitabine 200 mg/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg or E/C/F/TDF) at Week 48. At Week 48, 92.4 percent (n=800/866) of patients taking Genvoya and 90.4 percent (n=784/867) of patients taking Stribild achieved HIV-1 RNA levels less than 50 copies/mL
Additionally, the approval is supported by a Phase 3 study (Study 109) evaluating Genvoya among virologically suppressed patients who switched from TDF-based regimens. The study enrolled 1,436 subjects and 1,196 had reached the 48-week time point at the time of filing. Among those patients, Genvoya was found to be statistically non-inferior to the TDF-based regimens based on the percentages of patients with HIV-1 RNA levels less than 50 copies/mL at Week 48. Patients receiving Genvoya also demonstrated improvements in certain bone and renal laboratory parameters compared to those treated with the TDF-based regimens. Finally, data from Phase 3 studies evaluating Genvoya among adolescents and adults with mild-to-moderate renal impairment supported the approval.
Genvoya does not cure HIV infection or AIDS.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION AND INDICATION FOR GENVOYA IN U.S.
BOXED WARNING: POST TREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B
- Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and have discontinued products containing emtricitabine (FTC) and/or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and may occur with discontinuation of Genvoya. Hepatic function should be monitored closely with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and discontinue Genvoya. If appropriate, anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted.
- Coadministration: Do not use with drugs highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events. Do not use with drugs that strongly induce CYP3A as this may lead to loss of efficacy and possible resistance to Genvoya. Do not use with alfuzosin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin, lurasidone, pimozide, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, methylergonovine, cisapride, lovastatin, simvastatin, sildenafil for pulmonary arterial hypertension, triazolam, oral midazolam, or St. John’s wort.
Warnings and precautions
- Drug interactions: See Contraindications and Drug Interactions sections. Consider the potential for drug interactions prior to and during Genvoya therapy and monitor for adverse reactions.
- Immune reconstitution syndrome, including the occurrence of autoimmune disorders with variable time to onset, has been reported.
New onset or worsening renal impairment: Cases of acute renal
failure and Fanconi syndrome have been reported with the use of
tenofovir prodrugs. In clinical trials of Genvoya, there have been no
cases of Fanconi syndrome or proximal renal tubulopathy (PRT). Do not
initiate Genvoya in patients with estimated creatinine clearance
(CrCl) <30 mL/min. Patients with impaired renal function and/or taking
nephrotoxic agents (including NSAIDs) are at increased risk of
renal-related adverse reactions. Discontinue Genvoya in patients who
develop clinically significant decreases in renal function or evidence
of Fanconi syndrome.
Renal monitoring: Prior to or when initiating Genvoya and during therapy, assess serum creatinine, CrCl, urine glucose, and urine protein in all patients on a clinically appropriate schedule. In patients with chronic kidney disease, also assess serum phosphorus. If serum creatinine increases >0.4 mg/dL from baseline, closely monitor for renal safety.
- Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis: Fatal cases have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs, including FTC and TDF. Discontinue Genvoya if clinical or laboratory findings suggestive of lactic acidosis or pronounced hepatotoxicity develop, including hepatomegaly and steatosis in the absence of marked transaminase elevations.
- Common adverse reactions (incidence ≥5%; all grades) in clinical studies were nausea (11%), diarrhea (7%), headache (6%), and fatigue (5%).
- Prescribing information: Consult the full prescribing information for Genvoya for more information on Contraindications, Warnings, and potentially significant drug interactions, including clinical comments.
- Metabolism: Genvoya can increase the concentration of drugs metabolized by CYP3A, CYP2D6, P-gp, BCRP, OATP1B1, or OATP1B3. Drugs that inhibit CYP3A, P-gp, or BCRP can increase the concentrations of components of Genvoya. Drugs that induce CYP3A or P-gp can decrease the concentrations of components of Genvoya.
- Drugs affecting renal function: Coadministration of Genvoya with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase concentrations of FTC and tenofovir and the risk of adverse reactions.
Dosage and administration
- Dosage: Patients 12 years and older who weigh ≥35 kg: 1 tablet taken orally once daily with food.
- Renal impairment: Not recommended in patients with CrCl <30 mL/min.
Hepatic impairment: Not recommended in patients with severe
- Prior to or when initiating: Test patients for HBV infection.
- Prior to or when initiating, and during treatment: On a clinically appropriate schedule, assess serum creatinine, CrCl, urine glucose, and urine protein in all patients. In patients with chronic kidney disease, assess serum phosphorus.
Pregnancy and Lactation
- Pregnancy: There is insufficient human data on the use of Genvoya during pregnancy. An Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) has been established. Available data from the APR for FTC shows no difference in the rates of birth defects compared with a US reference population.
- Lactation: Women infected with HIV-1 should be instructed not to breastfeed, due to the potential for HIV-1 transmission.
Genvoya is indicated in
This press release includes forward-looking statements within the
meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are
subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risk
that physicians may not see the benefits of prescribing Genvoya. These
risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results to
differ materially from those referred to in the forward-looking
statements. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking
statements. These and other risks are described in detail in Gilead’s
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended
Genvoya and Stribild are registered trademarks of
For more information on Gilead Sciences, please visit the company’s website at www.gilead.com, follow Gilead on Twitter (@GileadSciences) or call Gilead Public Affairs at 1-800-GILEAD-5 or 1-650-574-3000.
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
Sung Lee, 650-524-7792
Sonia Choi, 650-425-5483