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|European Commission Approves Gilead’s Vitekta™, an Integrase Inhibitor for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infection|
“Vitekta offers people with HIV who have failed prior therapy or who
have developed drug resistance an important new treatment option,” said
Vitekta has been approved in two doses: an 85 mg tablet is indicated for use with the ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors atazanavir 300 mg and lopinavir 400 mg; and a 150 mg tablet is indicated for use with the ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors darunavir 600 mg and fosamprenavir 700 mg. The approval is supported by 96-week data from a Phase 3 study (Study 145) in which Vitekta dosed once daily was found to be non-inferior to the integrase inhibitor raltegravir dosed twice daily, each administered with a background regimen that included a fully active ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor and a second antiretroviral agent. Patients enrolled in the trial were required to have genotypic HIV drug resistance or at least six months of treatment experience with two or more different classes of antiretrovirals.
Vitekta was well tolerated in clinical studies and most adverse reactions were mild to moderate. The most common adverse reactions (all grades) observed were diarrhea (7.1 percent) and nausea (4 percent); please see additional Important Safety Information below.
Vitekta is also a component of Gilead’s Stribild®
(elvitegravir 150 mg/cobicistat 150 mg/emtricitabine 200 mg/tenofovir
disoproxil fumarate 300 mg), a once-daily single tablet regimen for HIV
that was approved in
Vitekta was licensed by Gilead from
Indication and Important Safety Information about Vitekta
Vitekta co-administered with a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor and with other antiretroviral agents, is indicated for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection in adults who are infected with HIV-1 without known mutations associated with resistance to elvitegravir.
Elvitegravir-resistant viruses show cross-resistance to the integrase strand transfer inhibitor raltegravir in most cases. Elvitegravir has a relatively low genetic barrier to resistance. Therefore, whenever possible, Vitekta should be administered with a fully active ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor and a second fully active antiretroviral agent to minimise the potential for virologic failure and the development of resistance.
Elvitegravir is primarily metabolised by CYP3A. Co-administration of Vitekta with strong CYP3A inducers (including St. John’s wort [Hypericum perforatum], rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital and phenytoin) is contraindicated. Co-administration of Vitekta with moderate CYP3A inducers (including, but not limited to, efavirenz and bosentan) is not recommended.
Due to the need for co-administration of Vitekta with a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor, prescribers should consult the Summary of Product Characteristics of the co-administered protease inhibitor and ritonavir for a description of contraindicated medicinal products and other significant drug-drug interactions that may cause potentially life-threatening adverse reactions or loss of therapeutic effect and possible development of resistance.
Atazanavir/ritonavir and lopinavir/ritonavir have been shown to significantly increase the plasma concentrations of elvitegravir. When used in combination with atazanavir/ritonavir and lopinavir/ritonavir, the dose of Vitekta should be decreased from 150 mg once daily to 85 mg once daily. Vitekta must be used in combination with a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor. Vitekta should not be used with a protease inhibitor boosted by another agent as dosing recommendations for such combinations have not been established. Boosting elvitegravir with an agent other than ritonavir may result in suboptimal plasma concentrations of elvitegravir and/or the protease inhibitor leading to loss of therapeutic effect and possible development of resistance.
Vitekta should not be used in combination with products containing elvitegravir or pharmacokinetic boosting agents other than ritonavir.
Female patients of childbearing potential should use either a hormonal contraceptive containing at least 30 µg ethinylestradiol and containing norgestimate as the progestagen or should use an alternative reliable method of contraception. Co-administration of elvitegravir with oral contraceptives containing progestagens other than norgestimate have not been studied and, therefore, should be avoided. Patients using oestrogens as hormone replacement therapy should be clinically monitored for signs of oestrogen deficiency.
Elvitegravir has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C). No dose adjustment of Vitekta is required in patients with mild (Child-Pugh Class A) or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B).
Immune Reactivation Syndrome has been reported in patients treated with combination therapy.
Vitekta contains lactose. Consequently, patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicinal product.
This press release includes forward-looking statements, within the
meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that
are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the
risk that physicians may not see advantages of Vitekta over other HIV
therapies and may therefore be reluctant to prescribe the product. In
addition, pending marketing applications for Vitekta in
EU Summary of Product Characteristics for Vitekta and Stribild are available at http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/
Vitekta and Stribild are trademarks or registered trademarks of
For more information on
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
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