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|Gilead Presents Data at the International Liver Congress™ 2017 Supporting the Efficacy and Safety of Vemlidy in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B After 96 Weeks, and Also After Switching From Viread|
Vemlidy is a novel, targeted prodrug of tenofovir that has demonstrated antiviral efficacy that is noninferior to that of Viread at Week 48 in patients with chronic HBV. Vemlidy treatment at the same time point also demonstrated a beneficial impact on renal and bone laboratory safety parameters compared to Viread. Analyses now conducted at Week 96 of treatment demonstrate continued benefits of Vemlidy including high rates of viral suppression, with no evidence of resistance, and less impact on renal and bone safety parameters as compared to Viread (#PS-042, #FRI-153). Additionally, patients switching from Viread to Vemlidy after Week 96 demonstrated maintenance of viral suppression, improvement in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization rates, and improvement in bone and renal parameters 24 weeks after switching to Vemlidy (#PS-041: “Hepatitis B and D: emerging treatment options”).
“The results observed in these studies reinforce Vemlidy as an important
treatment option for patients living with chronic HBV infection,” said
Vemlidy has a boxed warning in its U.S. product label regarding the risk of post-treatment severe acute exacerbation of hepatitis B. See below for important safety information.
The two randomized, double-blinded Phase 3 studies (Studies 108 and 110) from which the data are presented evaluated the use of Vemlidy given once-daily versus Gilead’s Viread given once-daily in treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced adults with HBeAg-negative and HBeAg-positive chronic HBV infection.
Results demonstrate continued advantages of treatment with Vemlidy over
Viread between Week 48 and Week 96. Virologic response rates at Week 96
were 90 percent (n=257/285) and 91 percent (n=127/140) in HBeAg-negative
patients (Study 108) receiving Vemlidy and Viread, respectively. In
HBeAg-positive patients (Study 110), virologic response rates at Week 96
were 73 percent (n=423/581) and 75 percent (n=218/292) in the Vemlidy
and Viread groups, respectively. In both studies, a greater percentage
of patients taking Vemlidy achieved normalization of ALT levels relative
to patients taking Viread as measured by both central laboratory
criteria, and by the
A post-hoc analysis evaluated a subset of 541 patients from Studies 108 and 110 who completed 96 weeks of treatment with double-blind Vemlidy or Viread and were then switched to open-label treatment with Vemlidy. Among patients switched from Viread to Vemlidy at Week 96 (n=180), virologic suppression was maintained and the rates of ALT normalization by central laboratory criteria and AASLD criteria significantly increased during the subsequent 24 weeks of Vemlidy therapy. These patients also demonstrated further improvements in hip and spine BMD and had significant improvements in estimated creatinine clearance. Longer-term data are required to confirm the benefits of switching from Viread to Vemlidy for the treatment of chronic HBV.
Hepatitis B Pipeline
In addition, Gilead has several ongoing research programs with the goal
of achieving functional cure for HBV-infected patients. Preclinical data
with some of Gilead’s novel investigational compounds are being
presented at the
GS-5801 is an oral liver-targeted prodrug of a small molecule inhibitor of KDM5, a histone lysine demethylase. Results from in vitro preclinical studies (#SAT-160) demonstrated activity of GS-5801 in HBV-infected primary human hepatocytes with significant declines in viral proteins and HBV RNA. In addition, in vivo data (#THU-171) demonstrated the pharmacodynamic response of GS-5801 within the liver, in animal models. GS-5801 is currently being evaluated in Phase 1 trials in healthy subjects and in patients with chronic HBV infection.
GS-9688, an oral selective toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist, demonstrated in vitro and in vivo pharmacodynamic effects consistent with selective TLR8 activation, including the production of antiviral cytokines (#SAT-168). Further, in an efficacy animal model of chronic HBV infection, GS-9688 treatment demonstrated a sustained antiviral response in chronically infected woodchucks (#SAT-165). GS-9688 is currently being evaluated in Phase 1 trials in healthy subjects and in patients with chronic HBV infection.
Further information about the clinical studies described above can be found at http://anzctr.org.au/.
GS-5801 and GS-9688 are investigational products and have not been determined to be safe or efficacious.
U.S. Important Safety Information for Vemlidy
BOXED WARNING: POST TREATMENT SEVERE ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B
Warnings and Precautions
Most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥5%; all grades) were headache, abdominal pain, fatigue, cough, nausea and back pain.
Consult the full prescribing information for Vemlidy for more information on potentially significant drug interactions, including clinical comments.
Dosage and Administration
About Gilead Sciences
Gilead Sciences is a biopharmaceutical company that discovers, develops
and commercializes innovative therapeutics in areas of unmet medical
need. The company’s mission is to advance the care of patients suffering
from life-threatening diseases. Gilead has operations in more than 30
countries worldwide, with headquarters in Foster City,
This press release includes forward-looking statements within the
meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are
subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risk
that physicians may not see the benefits of prescribing Vemlidy for the
treatment of HBV. In addition, Gilead may be unable to achieve a
functional cure for HBV with any of its product candidates, including
GS-5801 and GS-9688. These risks, uncertainties and other factors could
cause actual results to differ materially from those referred to in the
forward-looking statements. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these
forward-looking statements. These and other risks are described in
detail in Gilead’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the quarter ended
Vemlidy and Viread are registered trademarks of
For more information on
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
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